When someone is convicted of a serious/sex offence
If a friend or a member of your family has been convicted of a violent offence or an offence of a sexual nature, you may have some questions. This information sheet explains what happens when someone is sent to prison for a serious offence.
What happens next?
Following a conviction for a serious or sexual offence, the prisoner will be assessed to determine how much of a risk they are. The prisoner will be involved in the assessment and will be asked about the offence. The risk assessments are reviewed on an annual basis and also prior to release.
Following sentence, prisoners will be transferred to the most appropriate establishment.
ICM (Integrated Case Management)
Integrated Case Management (ICM) is the process used by the Scottish Prison Service and Criminal Justice Social Work to help prisoners address their offending behaviour.
All convicted prisoners receive a Community Integration Plan (CIP) which includes details of how they will be managed during their time in prison and upon their release.
The prisoner’s individual plan will be discussed openly with the prisoner and a range of staff, including those from social work and health care, and could include goals about changing behaviours and getting help with substance misuse.
A Personal Officer will help the prisoner keep to the plan and will feed into the case conference meetings held every year about the progress of the prisoner.
Prisoners who are subject to post-release supervision (including all sex offenders serving six months or more in prison) are managed via an enhanced version of the ICM process, where prison and social work staff (both prison-based and community-based) work together to assess the risks associated with individual people.
All prisoners managed through the enhanced process take part in a case management meeting called a Case Conference. This meeting takes place within six months of admission to prison, then once a year until release.
Prison officers, social workers, and other professionals (such as healthcare and addictions staff) work together to develop an action plan to support the person in prison through their sentence. This plan will include details of what work needs to be done to reduce the risks of the person offending again, on release. This may include participation in prison-based programmes and approved activities.
Where a prisoner is considered to be a high risk prior to release (or transfer to less secure conditions), other key staff involved in criminal justice, such as police and social work, are invited to attend the pre-release Case Conference. This will allow the criminal justice agencies involved to share information about the individual (see MAPPA below).
Can I be involved in the ICM process?
Family members can be involved in ICM case conferences for their relative, which normally take place once a year. However, this would only be with the permission of the prisoner.
What sort of programmes will the prisoner be able to access?
There is a range of programmes which aim to reduce sexual and violent offending. They will be offered according to the risk and needs of the prisoner. Anyone convicted of a sex offence will be assessed to see if they are suitable for these programmes.
Participation on these programmes is voluntary, and prisoners can refuse to take part, although refusal to take part may affect their chance of parole. The groups are usually made up of people who have committed different types of offences.
Priority for treatment is based on need and time left until release. The programmes are delivered by psychologists, social workers, and specially trained prison officers. The programmes, and what is said during them, are confidential, and all participants have to agree to this by signing a contract.
Prisoners may be maintaining their innocence and, as a result, be unwilling to participate in offence-focused courses. Not taking part in these programmes may affect the prisoner’s progress and may also have an effect on decisions around release or parole.
The prisoner may be eligible to apply for parole. Parole is not granted automatically. It is considered on the basis of reports from various people such as prison officers, psychologists, offender managers, and others. These reports cover the nature of the offence, home circumstances, release plans, behaviour in prison, and progress made in prison. The parole process starts six months before the earliest date of release. The reports will be considered by the Parole Board and the prisoner may have to attend a hearing. If a prisoner is granted parole, they will be given licence conditions and supervised in the community.
What is MAPPA (Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements)?
The risk assessments and pre-release case conferences help with any decisions on how the offender should be managed on release. This is the point at which all relevant information is gathered and provided to MAPPA co-ordinators. This requires the Police, Scottish Prison Service, Social Work Services, and other authorities (such as local authorities, housing authorities and NHS Health Boards) to work together to assess the potential risk each offender may pose and make plans to manage this.
If a prisoner is released under licence, they are placed under the care of the Social Work Services.
In addition, Sex Offender Liaison Officers (SOLOs) oversee cases where people who have committed a sexual offence are housed in local authority or housing association accommodation. Police have increased powers to search the homes of people who have committed a sexual offence. This is all part of the sentence, and the period varies. The prisoner should be told how long the licence will last.
If you suspect someone close to you is showing signs of abusive behaviour, contact Stop it Now! on 0808 1000 900 or visit www.stopitnow.org.uk The Helpline gives all adults, including those at risk of re-offending, totally confidential information, advice and support to prevent sexual offending.
If you are a victim and have experienced a sexual crime either as a child or an adult, contact your local police station or you can also speak to Victim Support Scotland on 0845 6039213 visit www.victimsupportsco.org.uk
If you are worried about the possibility of a child who may be in danger, speak with the local Social Work Services, Health
Visitor, or telephone the National Child Protection Helpline on 0800 800 555
If a child is at immediate risk, concerns should be reported to the local police.
The NSPCC Helpline is a 24/7 national line, with trained call handlers who can pass information on to police or Social Services.
All information sheets are available at www.familiesoutside.org.uk All materials Copyright © Families Outside 2017. Publication date: May 2017.
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